Paraguay, formerly called "Giant Province of the Indies" was born from the meeting of the Spanish conquerors with the native Guarani. The most vivid manifestation of this "crossing" of civilizations is expressed in the use of two languages, constitutionally equal value: Castilian and the Guarani.
In the early fifteenth century, Paraguay was established on the main route to other parts of the continent. Assumption is traditionally known as "Mother of Cities", because from here the Spanish departed to found new colonies.
The Franciscans arrived in Paraguay in the second half of the sixteenth century and founded many towns in the interior. Its cultural influence was enormous, and that consolidated the Creole lifestyle and common use of Spanish and Guarani. Her most accomplished visual expressions can be visited in Capiatá, Yaguarón, Ita, Altos, Caazapá Atyrá, Ypané, Tobatí Piribebuy and within walking distance of Asuncion.
A substantial chapter in American history was the presence of the missionaries of the Society of Jesus (1609 - 1768), Period of the utopian experience in the Reductions of Guaraní Indians. From this period are important works, like the ruins of Holy Trinity and Jesus (declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO), San Ignacio Guazú, San Cosme and San Damián, Santiago, Santa Maria and Santa Rosa. The arts and music at that time reached great development, and left an artistic legacy of supreme beauty: the baroque Guarani.
The post-Jesuit period was characterized by declining population in the reductions to be more of them abandoned, and the separation between the temporal and spiritual power, breaking the balance based on reciprocity and redistribution model that distinguished the Jesuit -Guarani.
In the nineteenth century, in May 1811, Paraguay gains independence and is a provisional government. Since then, the country went through different periods including two wars, dictatorships, democratic transition and finally constitutional regimes.